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  1. Dolores Catherino

    Developments in AI (artificial intelligence) in music composition, call for a reflection on the varieties of ‘creative’ process:
    Secondary creativity – composer as editor/arranger of algorithmically generated musical content. The composer’s role is secondary to and limited by the primary content (recombinations of existing data) generated and by software design. Yet, even in this digitized context, new possibilities exist for creative editing and modification outside conventional compositional constraints and creativity can be applied toward pushing the boundaries of software design.
    premise: a reduction of ‘music’ to theoretical schematics, data and statistical associations which can be programmed and generatively recombined in novel ways, imitating the output of creative process.

    Primary creativity – composer generates new ideas and musical content using technology as a secondary tool to develop and express these ideas. Here software design constraints are worked around (inefficiently) to utilize the technology as a scribe to the human idea.
    premise: holistic, qualitative, gestalt (sum greater than parts), imaginative, intuitive processes of art and human creativity.

    With the current trends in technology and AI replacing an increasing number of human activities, it seems important to distinguish the word ‘creativity’ in (at least) two senses: creative process versus generative recombination. Ultimately, to value and develop human creativity as a process to which new technology is designed to assist, as distinct from training the human creative process for the role of assisting (editing, arranging) a generative technological process.

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